Introduction to Guernica

Guernica was a masterpiece of Picasso with great influence and historical significance in 1930s, depicting German Air Force bombing Spanish town Guernica in 1937. Commissioned by the government of the Republic of Spain in 1937, this painting was created for the International Exposition held in Paris Spain Pavilion. This painting combined Cubism, realism and surrealism, showing signs of pain, suffering and the beast.


Over the past 70 years, this masterpiece had become one of the warnings of war culture symbols and also made Guernica tragedy forever stay in humans′ scarred memory. There was no plane, no bomb; only the brutal, horror, pain, despair, death and cry were accumulated. The trampled flowers, crushed limbs, crying mother, screaming help, man lying down and dying neighing horses…These were the silent complaint against the fascist atrocities. The painter used half abstract cubism style broke the boundaries of space, filled with angry protests and made the achievements of the heroic epic. The black and white fragments were full of endless gloom and fear, reflecting the strong compassion of the painter for the suffering of mankind.