The Hay Wain is drawn by the British landscape painter John Constable, who is Britain’s greatest landscape painters in the 19th century. This painting has strong characteristics of naturalism, the sky, the light, color and processing technique of which is a kind of revolutionary style. Here, Constable takes the sky as an important subject and sets aside a large space depicting heaven clouds fluttering in the wind. The white clouds are surging in the sky and above the screen the dark clouds are quietly pressing towards, casting a shadow to the farmhouse and the woods on the ground.
When this landscape painting was exhibited in Paris Salon of France in 1882, many French painters were deeply fascinated by it. They thought this painting was a revolution in the history of painting. This painting also won a gold medal awarded by Charlie III. Now it is collected in the National Gallery in London. The Hay Wain is a most famous representative work of John Constable, which depicts a hay wain stretching the forest fields through a shallow stream. In the green grass, trees and leaves are covered with dew, shining the white light. Beside the farmhouse on the brook, a cordial and honest woman is doing the laundry by the stream and a puppy is barking towards the hay wain. This is all so fresh, natural, real and full of love and beauty, without any artificial sense. Wu Guohua, the president of the World Association of Art, praises him, “Because he is deeply in love with his beautiful hometown, the people in his hometown, every tree and bush, all the animals, brook and water, and the beautiful nature, he portrays all in the painting of hay wail. This is the wonderful painting of his heart, which will be handed down from one generation to the next.”