The Girls of Avignon was made in 1907, which was considered the first work with cubism tendency. It is now preserved in New York’s Museum of modern art.
The past painters used to see people or things from an angle, and their paintings were stereo side. Cubism was using a new way to show things, observe from several angles and represent several sides that were impossible to see in parallel or overlapping manner. In The Girls of Avignon, the colors of five nude were set off the blue background. But the background was also made arbitrary segmentation with no distant feeling. The character was composed of geometric figures.
Just as people expected Picasso took “blue period” and “pink period” as the starting point and made new explorations, in 1907 he painted this picture The Girls of Avignon. This was a cubism work completely breaking with previous artistic methods, so it would naturally suffer from various social satire and criticism.